NUCLEAR ENERGY AND ITS EFFECTS ON CLIMATE CHANGE

in hive-175254 •  2 months ago 

Author: @madridbg, through Power Point 2010, using public domain images.

Greetings to all those members of this prestigious chain of blocks especially to the members of the community @project.hope. Continuing with the series of publications associated with energy applied from the technological processes, in this one we will approach the referring thing to the nuclear energy and its possible affections with the environment and the climatic change.

Conceptually, nuclear energy is understood as a set of reactions at the atomic level, which allows to produce useful energy that can be implemented to generate electrical, thermal or mechanical energy, all in correspondence with the utility we give to it.

This type of energy presents two variants that refer to the process of fission and nuclear fusion respectively. With respect to the first one, it is based on a division of the nuclei generating smaller nuclei, as well as particles free of photons, positron electrons among others, a process that when produced in the form of cascades or consecutive replicas generates a great amount of energy that can be transformed into electricity.

Image 2. Representation of the process of energy generation through nuclear fusion. Image of public domain. Author: Someone (2011).

With respect to the second one, it is based on the union of the nuclei with the purpose of generating a larger nucleus, at this moment an enormous amount of energy is absorbed and released which produces a plasmatic state in the participating matter.

Although both processes are associated with the arms industry and especially with the generation of bombs, at present, due to the demands of electric energy, efforts are being joined to produce and solve the demands of society from nuclear generation. That is why specialized reactors have been developed for this purpose.

Image 3. Representation of a nuclear reactor. Image of public domain. Author: Cosmic Level en Pixabay.

Therefore, they are great advances that allow the implementation of this technology in a consensual way and without damage to our planetary system, applied to supply electrical service to large cities. The advantages of this process is that it allows us to leave aside the unsustainable patterns of energy generation through the burning of fossil fuels, which contributes annually alarming figures of emissions of pollutants to our air, which affects the stability of the biotic systems of our planet.

Image 4. Unsustainable patterns of energy production. Image of public domain. Author: Chris LeBoutillier en Pixabay.

According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), by 2018, nuclear energy will produce 10% of the world's energy, figures that will mitigate carbon dioxide emissions into the air by 33 gigatons by 2019, according to figures released by the same agency. Without a doubt, the mass production of electrical energy through nuclear reactions is seen as the most viable option to stabilize the ravages of polluting gases and to move towards sustainable patterns in terms of energy.

If we make a retrospective analysis throughout history in terms of energy production, we realize that all types of energy used so far at some point produces air pollution, except renewable energy and nuclear energy.

Therefore, advances in technology and especially in science have marked the path towards patterns that emerge as alternatives to mitigate the adverse environmental effects that man has caused over the years.

Dear reader, I would like you to share with us, in the comments section, your perspective on the use of nuclear energy as a source of electric power production.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONSULTED


[1] Silva Nelson. Nuclear energy: advantages and dangers. University of the Andes. Venezuela Article: Online Access

[2] Bujan Silvana. (1998). NUCLEAR ENERGY A history of deception, concealment and abandonment. BIOS Argentina. IGJ 16106 Article: Online Access


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Certainly nuclear energy is a cleaner method of producing electricity, thus avoiding the emission of greenhouse gases. But there is still the question of radioactive waste, which is extremely dangerous and will remain so for hundreds of years. Not to mention the disasters caused by the breakdown of reactors, examples of which are well known. Perhaps we should go in another direction.

Greetings @emiliomoron and thank you for commenting, electric energy has become a very important topic for man and there are many researches being developed in this area and nuclear energy beyond the problems it may generate is still one of the most relevant options at present. We continue reading.

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Hi @madridbg
The implementation of this technology of energy production can have a great impact to diminish the effects of the CO2, nevertheless adds another problem that is the radioactive waste... another great detail. However, it is still an option.

Greetings @josevas217, good point that you have just raised, no doubt, every time we hear radioactive energy we think of radioactive waste, as a measure of self-defense so that the damage caused in the past is not repeated. I consider it to be an alternative in terms of electrical energy, but it still needs to be investigated in order to develop it without harming the environment and society in general. Thank you for commenting.

I have read a lot about it and it is a great damage what is causing this pollution that is derived from nuclear energy.
And the worst thing is that with so much clean energy that can be used, the great economic powers are not interested in investing in clean energy, they know that they will lose their profits.

@tipu curate

Greetings @lanzjoseg unfortunately the high governments have always had a mercantilist thought, oriented only to the purchasing power and beyond the environmental conferences in the matter of environmental preservation that have been celebrated, apparently this topic is little significant for them. Thank you for your opinion on this matter.

Gracias @mayvileros por el apoyo prestado sobre la publicación.

good article, this type of energy is one of the best the problem is that you have little control if something goes wrong in the process I think this type of energy will be more useful outside the planet

Greetings @trabajosdelsiglo, is one of the limitations of this process, the little control we can exercise over them. Without a doubt, nuclear energy has so much potential that look at what it does when implemented in bombs like hiroshima. I believe that we should continue to advance this technology as long as it does not affect our environment. Thank you for commenting